Athena was born, full grown, from the forehead of her father Zeus.
He had swallowed his first wife Metis for fear that she would bear a son. Hephuestus opened Zeus' head with an ax, and Athena
came out in full armor. She has her fathers powers, and her mother's (Metis) intelligence. She is known as Zeus' most honoured
child ranked equal with Apollo.
Because he split Zeus' forhead open, Zeus gave Hephuestus permission to mary Athena as long
as she agreed,but she refused because Hephuestus tried to rape her.
Athena's characteristic tendency towards political, intrigue, rather than mere violence.
Athena was educated by the river-god Triton together with his daughter Pallas. The persistent references to Triton, gaining
for her the variously interpreted surname of Tritogeneia, caused many places with Triton river or laketo claim to be
During her childhood, Athena, while playing with another girl called Pallas. Athena
killed her accidentally during one of their games. Athena grieved for her death, so she made a wooden image
in her likeness, which was called the Palladium
The tradition that she was a daughter of Hephaestus might be explained because of their
being great patrons of both useful and elegant arts. The combination of Athena and Hephaestus went even further. After the
worship of Apollo was introduced into Attica, he was then called their son. They made an ideal actistic trinity. Later, another
son, Lychnus, was also claimed to them.
The story behind Lychnus is, when Hephaestus tried to rape Athena, some freak accident
happend and he impregnated Gaea, his grandmother. Athena took the child under her protection. He grew up under her guidance
to be king of Athens.
It does not take long to realize that Athena was almost entirely a benevolent goddess.
She had very few ulterior or selfish motives, and for the nmost part was totally ethical. She seldom did anything spiteful.
Athena was a champion of heroes, far more than anyone else in the Olympian family. She
assisted Cadmus in the founding of Thebes.
She was very helpful to Perseus, wo might have perished at any point in cutting
off the Gorgon's head.
Athena would assisted Argonaunts in many things, and She would protected Orestes.
Athena's worship was closely interwoven with reverence for the state. Her temples and
statues on the Acropolis could be called the center of the political universe. One of these statues could be seen as far away
as Cape Sunium, itself dedicated partially to her.
"A day can press down all human things, and a day
can raise them up. But the gods embrace men of sense and abhor the evil."
-Athena to Odysseus
"If you always greatly honor the kindness the kindly ones, you will
surely be preeminent, keeping your land and city in the straight path of justice."
"There was no mother who gave me birth; and in all things, except for
marriage, wholeheartedly I am for the male and entirely on the father's side. Therefore, I will not award greater honor to
the death of a woman who killed her husband, the master of the house.
-Athena to the court.
"I have come from heaven to stay your anger...Three times as many glorious
gifts shall be yours on account of the king's arrogance. But refrain, and obey me."
-Athena to Achilles